Periodontal disease results when plaque is not removed and it begins to transform in to calculus (better known as tartar). Built from food debris, bacteria, and saliva; the plaque and tartar, if not removed, will destroy the gums and bone that support your teeth. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Hard to imagine but four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Early on, the disease may not bring about any pain but proper dental care cannot be ignored. Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:
- Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
- Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
- New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
- Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
- Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
- Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
- Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
- Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.